To manage any area with greatest success in conservation it is vital to understand what species are in any given area. The Payamino region is so far proving to be diverse in both the animal and plant kingdoms, and the biodiversity of the present flora and fauna are the focus of University student projects (from Glasgow, Manchester and Aarhus) and conservation research undertaken by scientists from all over the world. The Universidad Catolico in Quito and Aalborg University are also involved.
Since the construction of the Payamino Research Station, the number of studies taking place in the area have grown to now cover the birds, reptiles, amphibians, insects and mammals of the Payamino area. Preliminary results show a big variation in species over very short distances, highlighting this area as being of high importance and worthy of protection.
Ornithological surveys have been conducted in the area since 2000 and have so far registered more than 260 species and this number increases every year. To date, amphibian surveys have revealed that the area has at least 60 native species of frog, and it has also been found that there are 21 species of Spider, and studies of both these animals will continue in future. See the relevent sections of the website right for more information.